Sunday, February 5, 2017

What Is a Pilonidal Sinus, What Causes Them and What Are The Symptoms of Pilonidal Sinus?

A pilonidal sinus is a small pit that occurs at the bottom of the tailbone or coccyx that can end up being infected and filled with pus. Pilonidal means a ‘nest of hairs’.

Sinus system is an irregular narrow tunnel in the body which goes between a focus of infection in deeper tissues to the skin surface area. This channel discharges pus periodically on the skin,
Pilonidal system is a sinus tract which includes hairs. It appears under the skin between the buttocks (the natal cleft) a short distance above the back passage (anus). It enters a vertical instructions in between the buttocks.

Nevertheless, in some uncommon cases, pilonidal sinus can appear in other parts of the body.


— Pilonidal means a ‘nest of hairs’.

— A sinus tract is a narrow tunnel (a little irregular channel) in your body. A sinus system normally goes in between a focus of infection in much deeper tissues to your skin surface. This suggests that the tract may discharge pus from time to time on to your skin.

A pilonidal sinus is a sinus system which commonly contains hairs. It happens under your skin in between your butts (the natal cleft) a brief range above your back passage (rectum). The sinus tract goes in a vertical direction between your butts. Seldom, a pilonidal sinus occurs in other sites of your body.


The precise cause is unclear. There are various theories. For example, one theory is that the issue may establish from a minor irregularity you were born with, in the skin in between the butts. This might explain why the condition tends to run in some families. Part of the irregularity in this part of your skin might be that the hairs become your skin rather than outwards.

Another theory is that you establish skin dimples (skin pits) in the skin in between your butts. These might establish as a result of regional pressure or friction triggering damage to the little structures below your skin which are responsible for making hairs (the hair roots). Because of regional pressure, growing hair in your natal cleft might end up being pushed into your skin pits.

Whatever the cause, as soon as hair fragments become ‘stuck’ in your skin they aggravate it and cause inflammation. Swollen skin rapidly ends up being contaminated therefore a repeated (reoccurring) or consistent infection tends to establish in the affected location. The infection causes the sinus to develop which typically contains broken pieces of hair.

( A similar condition can take place between the fingers of hairdressers, brought on by customers’ hairs entering wet, damaged skin.).


Certain factors increase the threat of developing the condition and include:.

— A task including a lot of sitting (an inactive profession).
— Being overweight (obesity).
— A previous consistent irritation or injury to the afflicted location.
— Having a hairy, deep natal cleft.
— A family history of the condition.


A pilonidal sinus may not cause any symptoms initially. You may not understand that you have one. Some people see a pain-free swelling in the beginning in the afflicted location when washing. However, in most cases, symptoms develop at some stage and can be ‘intense’ or ‘chronic’.


You may develop increasing discomfort and swelling over a variety of days as a ball of pus with surrounding skin infection (an infected abscess) establishes around the sinus. This can end up being really uncomfortable and tender.


Around 4 in 10 people have a duplicated (reoccurring) pilonidal sinus. You may establish some pain which is less intense than the intense symptoms. Usually the sinus releases some pus. This launches the pressure and so the discomfort has the tendency to ease off and not end up being serious. However, the infection never ever clears completely. This can suggest that the symptoms of discomfort and discharge can last long-lasting, or flare up from time to time, till the sinus is treated by an operation.



If you have no symptoms then you ought to clear the affected area of hairs by shaving or other means of hair elimination. Likewise, keep the location tidy with correct individual hygiene.


If you have an infection then you need to take antibiotics. Pain relievers (such as paracetamol and/or ibuprofen) might be very helpful to relieve the pain. Maybe you will have to have an emergency operation to puncture (incise) and drain pipes the ball of pus with surrounding skin infection (abscess).


Usually, an operation is recommended. The choices include the following:.

– Wide excision and recovery by secondary objective. This operation includes cutting out the sinus but likewise eliminating a wide margin of skin which surrounds the sinus. The wound is exposed to heal by natural healing procedures (recovery by ‘secondary intent’). This generally needs several weeks of regular dressing modifications till it recovers completely. The benefit of this method is that all irritated tissue is removed and the possibility of the condition returning (recurrence) is low.

– Excision and main closure. This implies removing the section of skin which consists of the sinus. This is done by cutting out an oval-shaped (ellipse) flap of skin either side of the sinus, which takes out the sinus, and stitching together the two sides of the ellipse. After this the wound heals really The risk of a recurrence or of establishing an injury infection after the operation is higher than the above procedure.

A cosmetic surgery method. In some cases, when the sinus repeats or is extensive, plastic surgery may be recommended to remove the sinus and refashion the close-by skin.

— After any operation
Cosmetic surgeons suggest keeping the location free of hair growing by shaving routinely, or by other approaches to remove the hair. This prevents the returning (recurring) of the issue.

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